The Dubai Health Authority announced today key statistical results revealing the prevalence of hypertension among the population of Dubai.
The results, which are part of the Dubai Household Health Survey, highlight the percentage of people in Dubai who have hypertension. The survey was based on interviews of 5,000 respondents in Dubai and was jointly conducted by the DHA and the Dubai Statistics Centre
Laila Al Jassmi, CEO of Health Policy and Strategy Sector at the DHA said, "The results provides a detailed breakdown of the percentage of hypertensive people in the Emirate of Dubai, their age, gender, nationality, income bracket and other parameters that will eventually help us in formulating our public health policies and developing our awareness campaigns to target this audience base."
"We strongly believe in the importance of this survey, which is the most comprehensive health survey that has been conducted in Dubai and we have been analysing the data collected to look into all microscopic aspects of health and healthcare in the Emirate."
She said the DHA previously provided data on the percentage of the population that exercises in Dubai, percentage of smokers and the percentage of the population prone to developing cardiovascular diseases.
Previous results revealed by the survey highlighted that only 19 per cent of Dubai’s population gets sufficient amount of exercise which is required to stay healthy and that one in five deaths in Dubai are attributed to cardiovascular diseases. She said: "There is no doubt that a significant percentage of our population suffers from lifestyle diseases and therefore it is imperative to continue and intensify our awareness campaigns across all sections of society to educate them about the importance of exercising and eating healthy."
Amal Salim Al Halyan, Senior Research Specialist, Health Policy and Strategy Sector at the DHA said: "Hypertension is known to trigger off diseases such as stroke and cardiovascular diseases so hypertensive people have to be very careful about their diet and lifestyle."
Al Halyan said that there is a clear link between lack of education and higher prevalence of hypertension.
She highlighted the key findings of the survey, which takes into account several parameters:
One 1 in 15 individuals in Dubai is diagnosed with hypertension (6.7%).
Gender difference between men (6.3%) and women (7.7%) is slight and not statistically significant.
There is a strong association between age and hypertension that is statistically significant. The prevalence of hypertension in the (40-59) age group is (12.1%) as compared to the highest prevalence in the 60+ age group (31%).
The prevalence of hypertension among UAE nationals (16.9%) is significantly higher than other nationalities. After Emiratis, it is "Other Arabs" Nationalities (9.14%), and the third highest population in Dubai to be hypertensive are Filipinos (6.24%).
There is a strong relationship between hypertension and education level: individuals with no formal education are more likely to be hypertensive (11.6%) as compared to individuals who have completed their graduation and post-graduation. (8.3%).
The prevalence of hypertension in individuals in the highest income group is (15.4%) as compared to those in the lowest income group (5.2%).
UAE Nationals in Dubai:
Among Emiratis, approximately 1 out of 6 of the population is diagnosed with hypertension.
There is a slight gender difference in the prevalence of hypertension which is not statistically significant. (16.3%) of UAE National males are reported to be diagnosed with hypertension as compared to (17.5%) of UAE National females.
There is a significant strong relationship between education and hypertension. Emirati individuals with no formal education are more hypertensive (45.6%) than Emirati individuals with graduate and post-graduate education (6.7%)
There is no statistical relationship between income and hypertension. UAE Nationals in the lowest income group have nearly similar prevalence of hypertension (21.5%) as compared to individuals in highest income group (20.9%)